One Of The Earliest Ancient “Sarbamangala” Temple of Pathara

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Written by Dr. Tilak Purkayastha

It seems quite lovable is going on the ground of  the village of ‘Lal Moram'(soil) of Bengal. Walking below the cloudy sky. On the right, the cold wind is blowing over the river, Kangsavati and is giving relief. However, this ‘lalmati’ (‘red soiled’) road seems to be covered very quickly with black pitch. And the arrangements are going on. Prabhasa Babu is an excellent speaker, besides here he has a extensive reputation. He is the priest of ‘Dharmaraj Mandir’ (temple), on the one hand, the guide of the “Save the Archaeological Surrender Committee” and also the ‘Jamay’ (son-in-law)of the Bandhapadhay zamindar family. How beautifully he is explaining, the stones of the village are becoming alive by his words. At the left side of the road, I saw two destroyed Shiva temples and a building. From the right to the left of the road, a small shrine turned around left. Its architecture is a little different and it is still very large, its roof still exists. It is said that it is the “Surya Mandir”( Sun temple).

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The ancient “Sarbamangala temple” is just a few minutes away from this temple. There is some terracotta work in this ‘Pancharatna temple’ and beautiful stack works is still in front wall. Location of this temple is in the East past of the ‘Durgadalan Dighi'(small lake). On the northern side of the temple, there is a ‘Tulsi'(Basil) stage on the elevated altar and there are seats of ‘Pancha Mundi’ situated on the ground. But this seems to be the addition of times. A gentleman of the village, heavenly traditional hiller, willingly took responsibility for the care of this temple on his own shoulder. Now his dynasties continue to do this work despite financial hardships. When we went to the house, the eldest wife of this house gave us food and a drink made of cold water, salt  and sugar. Say whether the mind is filled!

Then, on the way, there was a newly constructed ‘Ekartana temple’ or ‘Ratneshwar Shiva temple’ on the road. I heard from Prabhas Babu, here was an ancient autarchy Shiva temple(with eight sided roofs). After the demolition of the original temple in 1978, the construction of the temple began in new initiatives by local villagers. There is a huge lane adjacent to the temple and on the other side there may have three blocks of ‘Makara Pathara’. The notable event of this temple complex is the ‘Gajan fair’ of ‘Chaitra Sankranti’. Devotees come from far and wide. Various types of ‘Ban-phonda’, such as ‘Jiv-phonda’, ‘Pith-phonda’ etc. are held.
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Now,We are discussing about the ‘Shasthi tala'(area) adjacent to the three Shiva temple of Bandhapadhay. ‘Shasthi Devi’ is the Goddess of Fertility. Her vehicle is cat, everyone knows. However, with the advancement of science, this fable may have been reduced to the worship of the goddess. Before that,there was “Sutikashasthi Pujo” after two days of the brith of each child in the village. Talking to Prabhas Babu and the local residents, I learned that in ‘Pathara Shasthi tala’ , in the Bengali month of ‘Jaisthya’ there was held “Jamai Shasthi” , ‘Durga-shasthi’ is in the month of ‘Ashwin’, “Shital Shasti” in the month of ‘Magha’ and “Ashok Shasti” and the “Nila Shasthi” celebration in ‘Chaitra’. In fact, women observe only this vow.
After coming out of a ‘broken pond’, we reached the place where three temples of Lord Shiva were founded of Lord Shiva. There are three temples standing on the high base from the ground. Some idols of Ram-Sita-Hanuman, Shrikrishna etc. will be seen in the temple. Besides, there was ‘Shiva-linga’ is in the womb of the each temple-room. Regular basis worship can be seen as evidence. Again, there are two gateways(‘Dwarpal’) at the entrance gate of this temple. It has already been said that the presence of the “Dwarpalas” is the specialty of the ‘Pathara temples’.
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A gentleman was riding a cow on the front of this temple. Prasab Babu once talked with one of the current generation of “Dordandrapatap Bandopadhyay’s zamindar clan”. His name is Shri Amit Bandyopadhyay, about the younger brother-in-law of Prabhas Babu.To tell the truth, seeing the descendants of the zamindar dynasty, I immediately thought of him as a true character, “Aranyak ar Satyacharan”. And who is raising the cow in front of me must be the king,Debaru Panna himself.

 

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References: – 1) Personal interview Mr. Yasin Pathan and Shri Prabhas Bhattacharya, guide- Patra Archaeological Conservation Committee.

2) The history of “Temple Stones”, the revised third edition. Md Yasin Pathan.

3) The abundance of neglected arboretum: stone goddess. Tarpaulin swimming Country, 27 Pauses 1403, 11, January 1997, 64 years, 5 numbers.

4) Archaeological List & Map of District Paschim Medinipur Research & Compiled by Md. Yasin Pathan

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